国际交流英语视听说4听力原文加翻译U1-U8 - 下载本文

做法,他们是Padaung也是他们迫害缅甸的家园,现在叫缅甸。

1962年,军方控制了国家,有前途的现代化。新领导人反对被认为原始的部落,部落习俗,包括hcaung,是非法的。保持他们的身份和逃离内战,直达和其他人逃到泰国的邻国。虽然远离战争,部落现在夹在两国之间,两个世界。

旁白:住在难民营,Padaung吸引成群的西方游客,旅游在这里见证部落的古老的方法。出乎意料,曾经迫害的身份现在是一个有利可图的方式谋生。 今天,Mabang将有机会找出她会看起来没有她的铜环。十年后,是时候戒指的改装。需要接近一个小时的拉在黄铜环可以从她的肩膀。

Mabang光如何她感觉感到惊骇。她只会说缅甸话,所以Maja帮助她表达她的感情。 穿着俗艳的美女:嗯,我们从来没有看到脖子的样子,所以我们想看一下,看看结果。

旁白:对于外人来说,这是不可思议的想象从未看到自己的脖子。Mabang来说,这是一个变革的经验。

玛雅:她想穿着普通的衣服,让她的头发,看她看起来漂亮。

旁白:一样兴奋她尝试一个新的身份,Mabang急切地回到她的旧,即使它可能是几年,甚至几十年,之前她又看到她的脖子。

玛雅:她说,这是我们的传统,所以它并不感到奇怪。

旁白:Mabang,盘绕的拥抱金属提供了一个通道回到她是谁,她不是一个限制。作为难民,Padaung经受了太多为了保护他们的文化,和他们的习俗。今天,这些铜环代表一个部落未来的承诺,不牺牲它的过去。

Further Listening L1

In the world of high-fashion models, you don?t see the variations in body type that you find with random people on the street. In fact, the classic runway model is skinny, or thin. Many people are disturbed by extremely thin models in fashion shows and magazines. Some models have a height-to-weight ratio that is unhealthy. For example, a model with an unhealthy height-to-weight ratio might be around 173 centimeters tall but weigh only 49 kilograms.

The modeling business is slowly evolving, and the type of model that designers prefer is changing. In the past, fashion shows consistently featured extremely skinny models. Now, healthy-looking models are also appearing on runways. In some countries—Australia, for example—the government has even asked fashion designers and magazines to stop hiring extremely thin models for

fashion shows and photo shoots. Now when designers think about presenting their clothes in a fashion show, they often envision their clothes on people with different body types. As a result, people?s perception of fashion models and their opinion of what constitutes beauty are starting to change.

在高时装模特的世界里,你看不到的身型,你随机的人在大街上找到的变化。事实上,经典的跑道模型是骨感,还是瘦。很多人都在时装秀和杂志非常轻薄机型不安。有些型号的高度 - 重量比是不健康的。例如,不健康的高度与重量比的模型可能是围绕173厘米身高体重却只有49公斤。

建模业务缓慢发展,并且设计者喜欢模型的类型是变化的。在过去,时装秀一贯特色非常骨感模特。现在,看起来健康的模型也出现在跑道上。在一些国家,例如澳大利亚,政府甚至要求设计师和时尚杂志停止雇用极薄模型

时装秀和照片拍摄。现在,当设计师想展示自己的衣服在一场时装秀,他们常常设想在人身体不同类型的衣服。这样一来,人们的时尚机型的看法和他们对什么是美舆论也开始改变。 L2

Have you ever considered cosmetic surgery? The idea of changing one?s looks surgically disturbs or even frightens many people. Still, people?s feelings about cosmetic surgery have evolved over time. According the International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, more than eight million cosmetic surgeries were completed worldwide in 2009. The most popular type of cosmetic surgery was liposuction, a surgery where fat is removed from the body. Liposuction surgeries constitute about 19 percent of the total cosmetic surgeries in the world.

With modern cosmetic surgery, you envision what you want to look like and then use surgery to make it happen. For example, think about the classic beauties of the movies. Would you like Marilyn Monroe?s nose, Audrey Hepburn?s eyes, or Grace Kelly?s chin? They can be yours—for a price. The average price for liposuction is nearly $3,000 and a hair transplant may cost more than $4,500. No one ever said beauty was cheap!

你有没有考虑过整容手术?改变一个人的手术看起来扰乱甚至想法吓了很多人。尽管如此,人们对整容手术的感情随着时间而演变。据美容整形外科的国际协会,八百多万整容手术在全世界完成在2009年最流行的类型的整容手术吸脂是,手术哪里脂肪排出体外。吸脂手术构成世界总整容手术的19%左右。

随着现代整容手术,你想象你想要的样子,然后用手术来使之发生什么。例如,想想电影的经典美女。你想玛丽莲梦露的鼻子,奥黛丽·赫本的眼睛,或格蕾丝·凯利的下巴?他们可以是你,以优惠的价格。平均价格为吸脂近3000$和头发移植的费用可能超过$4500人。从来没有人说美女是便宜! Unit4

Tradition and Progress

Listening 1

A Student Presentation

Teacher: OK, class, let?s get started with the first presentation. Sompel has prepared a short presentation about his home country of Bhutan. Go ahead, Sompel.

Sompel: Thanks. Um, hi, everybody! You know that my name is Sompel, but you may not know that I?m from Bhutan. Bhutan is a small country— high in the Himalaya Mountains—between India

and China. In our language, Bhutan is known as Druk Yul, which in English is land, land of the thunder dragon. The dragon is even displayed on our flag. For many years, my country was isolated from the world, partly due to its geography— it?s surrounded by high mountains—but also because of government policies.

Our government had always been a, an absolute monarchy, I mean, government headed by a king with unlimited power. Anyway, until very recently, Bhutan had no electricity, no cars or trucks, no telephones, and no postal service. You may be surprised to learn that in Bhutan people have only had television since 1999. It was the last country on Earth to get it. You may be wondering: Why did Bhutan reject the modern world for so long?

Well, the government was trying to protect the people from negative influences such as high crime rates, youth violence, and pollution. But the king has admitted that the policy of isolation had many negative consequences. For example, the education system definitely fell behind. Some people never learned to read and write. Then, one of our kings began opening up Bhutan to the outside world, and our current king has continued the process. There are new roads, schools, and health clinics. The king doesn?t want to open up the country all at once to the outside world and risk ruining it. He wants our country?s development to be guided by, now let me think, oh, yes, Gross National Happiness.

Teacher: Sompel, sorry to interrupt, before you continue, could you define Gross National Happiness for the class, please?

Sompel: Um, sure. How should I put it? Well, you?ve probably heard of Gross National Product, which is a phrase that refers to the dollar value of all the goods and services produced by a country

over a period of time. It?s one way of measuring a country?s success. But Gross National Happiness is different. Actually, one of our kings invented the phrase Gross National Happiness.

It?s the approach the country takes to the domestic development of Bhutan—to help make sure that the people are always happy with their lives and with the country. There are four parts, um, four “pillars”, to this approach: good government, sustainable development, environmental protection, and cultural preservation. So, for good government, the king puts the needs of the country first. In fact, even though the people love him, he gave away most of his power to the people in 2006.

That?s when the country transitioned to democracy. The king still has an important role, but he no longer has absolute power. Real power belongs to the people and the officials that we elect. Sustainable development means that we help our country grow without damaging the environment. And the pillar of environmental protection is closely related to sustainable development, too. Agriculture is very

important in Bhutan, and we are trying to find new ways to farm without hurting the environment.

Also, the government wants to keep 68 percent of the land covered in forests. Cultural preservation— the last pillar—is a challenge though. Half of Bhutan?s population is in their twenties or younger, and the government anticipates that some young people will get involved with gangs, crime, or drugs, for example. The government has banned television channels that they think are harmful. Even so, youth gangs are growing. Theft, which was not very common before, is also rising. On the other hand, there is a positive side to all of the changes.

In a mountainous country such as Bhutan, communication technologies—for instance, mobile phones and the Internet— allow people to communicate more easily than ever before. And it seems that the arts are really moving ahead. Twenty years ago Bhutan had never produced a movie, but these days we produce over 20 a year. And some movies have even displayed the difficulties that Bhutan has had with the challenges of the modern world. These types of movies are important. They can help us explore the contradictions that have come with our changing culture.

Teacher: Sompel, how do you view Bhutan?s future?

Sompel: Well I?m hopeful about Bhutan?s future, and I?m glad that the approach of Gross National Happiness is helping to make sure that we don?t lose our beautiful environment and the best parts of our ancient culture.

老师:好,课上,让我们开始第一个演示。Sompel准备了一个简短的演讲对他的祖国不丹。来吧,Sompel。

Sompel:谢谢。嗯,嗨,大家好!你知道我的名字是Sompel,但你可能不知道我来自不丹。不丹是一个小国家,在印度喜马拉雅山间

和中国。在我们的语言中,不丹被称为Druk尤尔?,而英语是土地,土地的雷声龙。龙是显示在我们的旗帜。多年来,我的国家是世界隔绝,部分是由于其地理位置——这是高山脉的遐想之中——但仍包围也因为政府的政策。

我们的政府一直是,绝对君主制,我的意思是,政府以国王为首的无限权力。不管怎么说,直到最近,不丹没有电力,没有汽车或卡车,没有电话,没有邮政服务。你可能会惊奇地发现,自1999年以来,不丹人只有电视。它是地球上最后一个国家。您可能想知道:为什么不丹拒绝现代世界如此之久?

政府是在保护人们从高犯罪率等负面影响,青少年暴力和污染。但国王已经承认的孤立政策有很多的负面影响。例如,教育体系落后。有些人从来没有学会读和写。然后,我们的一个国王开始向外界开放不丹,和我们目前的国王继续流程。有新的道路、学校和诊所。国王不想开放国家一次性向外界和风险破坏它。他希望我们的国家的发展指导下,让我想想,哦,是的,国民幸福总值。

老师:Sompel,对不起打断,继续之前,你可以定义类,国民幸福总值吗?

Sompel:嗯,当然。我应该怎么说呢?好吧,你可能听说过的国民生产总值,这是一个短语,指的是价值的一个国家生产的商品和服务 经过一段时间。它是衡量一个国家的成功的一种方式。但国民幸福总值有所不同。实际上,我们的一个国王发明了短语国民幸福总值。

这是不丹的国家需要国内发展帮助确保人们总是快乐与他们的生活和这个国家。有四个部分,嗯,四个“支柱”,这种方法:好的政府,可持续发展,环境保护和文化保护。所以,好的政府,国王把国家的需要。事实上,尽管爱他的人,他把他的大部分权力在2006年的人。

当民主国家转变。国王仍有一个重要的角色,但他不再有绝对的权力。真正的权力属于人民,我们选出的官员。可持续发展意味着我们帮助我们的国家发展而破坏环境。支柱的环境保护与可持续发展密切相关。农业是非常 重要的在不丹,我们正试图找到新的方法来农场不伤害环境。 同时,政府希望保持68%的土地被森林覆盖。文化保护-最后一个支柱是一个挑战。不丹人口的一半是在二十几岁或更年轻,和政府预计,一些年轻人将参与团伙,犯罪,例如,或药物。政府已经禁止电视频道,他们认为是有害的。即便如此,青年团伙正在增长。盗窃,这不是很常见,也在不断上升。另一方面,有一个积极的一面的所有更改。

在一个多山的国家,如不丹、通信技术实例,手机和互联网,允许人们比以往任何时候都更容易沟通。和艺术似乎真的前进。二十年前不丹从未制作一部电影,但是这些天我们每年生产超过20。甚至一些电影显示不丹的困难与现代世界的挑战。这些类型的电影是很重要的。他们可以帮助我们探索的矛盾有改变文化。

老师:你怎么看待不丹,Sompel的未来?

不丹Sompel:我希望的未来,我很高兴,国民幸福总值的方法是帮助确保我们不失去我们美丽的环境和最好的部分-我们的古代文化。 Listening 2

A Study Group Discussion

Jose: So, are you all ready to review for the test? Matt: Yes. Amina: Sure.

Jose: What should we review first?

Amina: I think we should start with the chapter on Native Americans. There is a lot of information in that chapter. Lauren: Oh, definitely.

Jose: OK. So what do you think were the most important facts from that chapter? Matt: Well, I found the whole chapter interesting. You know, when I was growing up, we didn?t learn much about Native Americans in school.

Amina: Me, neither. I had no idea that there are more than 300 Native American reservations in the United States, did you?

Matt: Uh-huh. And then the federal government took away their land.

Amina: And they were forced to adopt American traditions and language. It must have been very hard for them.

Matt: What did Professor Hawkins say about the reservation lands? That most of them are west of the Mississippi River?

Lauren: Yeah, and he highlighted the fact that the land in a lot of reservations is really dry and not suitable for agriculture. For a long time, the people who lived there lived in bad economic conditions.

Jose: I didn?t realize that. So, when did things begin to get better?

Amina: I think Professor Hawkins said it was around 1970 when the federal government—or the Supreme Court, maybe—granted Native Americans the right to run various businesses on their reservations.

Matt: Right, and the money from their businesses has enabled them to improve their lands and undertake other big projects. The chapter mentioned a good example—the InterTribal Sinkyone Wilderness area. Amina: Where?s that place again?

Lauren: Um, it?s on the coast north of San Francisco, California.

Matt: Exactly. It was founded in 1997 by a group of Native Americans who want the land to be as wild as possible. There?s very limited access to the area. There aren?t even any roads going through it.

Amina: I wonder why.

Matt: Well, they want to save the land for traditional cultural uses. Our book said that from the perspective of the people who live there, the coast and the redwood forests are sacred. That?s where they gather food and medicine and hold their religious ceremonies.

Lauren: There?s another example I know about. A Native American group down in