大学英美文学答案 - 下载本文

1.Herman Melville’s ______ is an encyclopedia of everything, history, philosophy, religion, etc, in addition to a detailed account of the operations of the whaling industry.

A. Billy Budd

B. The Old Man and the Sea C. White Jacket D. Moby Dick

In addition to his novels, _______ wrote about 120 short stories and sketches. Among them are Young Goodman Brown and The Minister’s Black Veil.

A. Henry David Thoreau B. Nathaniel Hawthorne

C. Ralph Waldo Emerson D. Herman Melville

______ is an appalling fictional version of Nathaniel Hawthorne’s belief that “the wrong doing of one generation lives into the successive ones” and that evil will come out of evil though it may take generations to happen.

A. The Marble Faun B. The Blithedale Romance C. Young Goodman Brown D. The House of Seven Gables

Which is regarded as the “Declaration of Intellectual Independence”? A. The Conduct of Life B. Representative Men C. English Traits

D. The American Scholar

Which is generally as the Bible of New England Transcendentalism? A. Nature B. Walden

C. On Beauty D. Self-Reliance

There is a good reason to state that New England Transcendentalism was actually on the Puritan soil. A. Unitarianism

B. Mysticism C. Romanticism D. Puritanism

“The universe is composed of Nature and the soul… Spirit is present everywhere”. This is the voice of the book Nature written by Ralph Waldo Emerson, which pushed American romanticism into a new Phase, the phase of New England ______.

A. Romanticism B. Transcendentalism C. Symbolism

D. Naturalism

Washington Irving’s works are numerous, but his most successful work is The Sketch Book, of which the most famous and anthologized are ____ and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.

A. A History of New York B. The Pioneers

C. Rip Van Winkle D. Leatherstocking Tales

Washington Irving’s first book appeared in 1809, titled ______. A. The History of New York B. The Marble Faun

C. The American Scholar D. The Cop and the Anthem

In the early 19th century American moral values were essentially Puritan. Nothing has left a deeper imprint on the character of the people as a whole than did _____.

A. Rationalism B. Romanticism C. Sentimentalism

D. Puritanism

Which is the character who appears in the novel Moby Dick? A. Hester Prynne B. Pearl C. Mr. Hooper

D. Ahab

Herman Melville called his friend Nathaniel Hawthorne ______ in American literature. A. The transcendentalist

B. The largest brain with the largest heart C. The American scholar D. Father of American poetry

Nathaniel Hawthorne is a master of psychological insight and central subject of his major works is the human soul. Choose his short story from the following ones.

A. Omoo

B. Uncle Tom’s Cabin

C. Young Goodman Brown D. The Pearl

The finest example of Nathaniel Hawthorne’s symbolism is the recreation of Puritan in ______.

A. The Marble Faun B. The Ambitious Guest

C. The Scarlet Letter D. Young Goodman Brown

From Henry David Thoreau’s jail experience came his famous essay, ______ which states Thoreau’s belief that no man should violate his conscience at the command of a government.

A. Common Sense

B. Civil Disobedience C. Walden D. Nature

Which essay is not written by Ralph Waldo Emerson? A. Self-Reliance

B. The American Scholar C. The Divinity School Address

D. Of Studies

Which book is not written by Ralph Waldo Emerson?

A. Nature D. The Rhodora B. English Traits

C. Nature D. The Rhodora C. The Rhodora

D. Representative Men B. English Traits C. Nature D. The Rhodora

Form the following, choose the characteristics of Ralph Waldo Emerson’s poetry. A. Being highly individual B. Harsh rhythms

C. Lack of form and polish D. All of the above

Ralph Waldo Emerson’s first book _____ is the fundamental document of his philosophy, and expresses his constant, deeply felt love for he natural scenes.

A. Leatherstocking Tales

B. Walden C. Nature

D. Daisy Miller

Choose William Cullen Bryant’s poem from the following ones. A. Voices of the Night

B. Ligeia

C. Song of Myself

D. Thanatopsis

In 1817, the stately poem called Thanatopsis introduced he best poet _____ to appear in America up to that time.

A. Edward Taylor B. William Cullen Bryant C. Edgar Allan Poe D. Philip Freneau

Choose Washington Irving’s works from the following items. A. Walden B. A History of New York

C. Self-Reliance D. Sister Carrie

In the 19th century America, Romanticism had certain general characteristics. Choose such characteristics from the following items.

A. Moral enthusiasm

B. Faith in the value of individualism and intuitive perception C. Presumption about the corrosive effect of human society D. All of the above

Herman Melville’s _____ is not only an adventure story, but also a significant philosophical work on spiritual exploration.

A. The Egg

B. The Over-Soul

C. Nature D. Moby Dick

A new _____ had appeared in England in the last years of the 18th century. It spread to continental Europe and then came to America early in the 19th century.

A. Realism B. Romanticism C. Naturalism D. . Critical realism

Transcendentalism appealed to those who disdained the hash God of the Puritan ancestors, and it appealed to those who scorned the pale deity of New England _____.

A. Naturalism

B. Transcendentalism C. Humanism D. Unitarianism

Led by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Ralph Waldo Emerson and _____, there arose a kind of teaching of transcendentalism in the early 19th century.

A. Mark Twain B. Theodore Dreiser C. Henry David Thoreau

D. Herman Melville

Transcendentalists recognized ______ as the “highest power of the soul”. A. intuition B. thinking C. logic

D. date of the senses

_____ was the most leading spirit of the Transcendental Club. A. Hawthorne B. Thoreau C. Whitman D. Emerson

The appearance of The Scarlet letter marked the maturity of Nathaniel Hawthorne as a novelist. Soon he composed the other three important novels including _____, The Blithedale Romance and The Marble Faun.

A. Walden

B. The House of the Seven Gables C. The Prairie

D. The Fall of the House of Usher

Transcendentalist doctrines found their greatest literary advocates in _____ and Thoreau. A. Jefferson B. Oversoul

C. Freneau D. Emerson

Ralph Waldo Emerson’s essay The American Scholar____ has been regarded as “Americas Declaration of Intellectual Independence”. It called on American writers to write about America in a way peculiarly American.

At 19 in 1802_ Washington Irving ___began to write a series of sketches or essays on the theatre and the New York society, using the name of Jonathan Oldstyle.

__Herman Melville___is famous for writing stories about the sea and the islands of the Southern Pacific. In his masterpiece Moby Dick, he tells a story of a Whaling voyage which is set a symbolic account of the conflict between man and his fate.