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一般现在时

一. 用法(注意主语与动词的变化) 1、表示经常发生、反复进行的动作。

特征词有:often, always, usually, sometimes, every day等。 (如果同学们看到句子中有这些词就说明是一般现在时)

如:I often go to school at 7:00.

He often goes to school at 7:00.(主语是第三人称单数时动词就要变化) 二、构成

1、(be动词的一般现在时形式,不同的人称和数分别为am, are, 和is。)

2、主语不是第三人称单数时(I,we, they , you, 表示复数),动词用原

形。

如: We usually go to school at 7:00. They usually go to school at 7:00.

3. 主语是第三人称单数时(如:she, he, it, Amy, Mike…),动词用第三人称单数形式,即:在动词原形之后加-s ,其构成与名词复数形式一样,(动词的意思没有变化)。

动词三单变化口决: 一般情况词尾“s”加; o, s, x, sh, ch结尾, “es”不能差;

辅音加y结尾,变y为i,再把es来加; have变为has特殊记。

(1)一般动词在词尾加- s。如:like--likes, play--plays, eat—eats

练习题: 用给出词的适当形式填空。 She (like) English very much.

Mike often (play) football after school. (2)以字母s、x、ch、sh或o结尾的动词加-es 。

如: pass—passes传递 fix--fixes 修理 teach--teaches 教

watch—watches 观看wash--washes 洗 brush---brushes go--goes 去 do—does 做

练习题: 用给出词的适当形式填空。

John often (watch) TV in the evening. (对比:I often watch TV in the evening.) What he (do) on the weekend? He often (do) his homework on the weekend.

(3)在辅音字母+y 结尾的动词,先变y为i,再加-es。 如: fly--flies 飞 study--studies 学习 try—tries 尝试

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注意:在元音+y 时,y不变, 直接加-s。

如:say--says stay--stays play--plays 4、一般现在时的否定及疑问形式。

(1)be动词的疑问形式是将be动词移置句子的主语前面,否定式是在be动词后面加否定副词not。

如:I am a student.(改为一般疑问句)-----Are you a student? He is a teacher.(改为否定句)---- He is not a teacher. (2) 否定式及疑问句都要由

助动词do(don`t)+动词原形 第三人称单数用does(doesn`t)+动词原形。

如: They know English .(改变否定句)----They don`t know English. (改为一般疑问句)---- Do they know English?

He likes music. (改为疑定句)----He doesn`t like music. (改为一般疑问句) -----Does he like music? 注意:Does、doesn't来帮你,后面动词恢复原形要紧记!!

一般现在时 练习

一、写出下列动词第三人称单数形式:

catch( ) watch( ) wash( ) say ( ) do( ) fly( ) have( ) study( ) teach( ) climb( ) see ( ) like ( ) run( ) pass ( ) go ( ) do ( )

二、选择填空。

( )1. he often swimming in summer?

A:Does...goes B:Does...go C:Do...go

( )2. Tom and Mike go to school by bike? No, they don`t.

A: Do B: Are C: Does

( )3. Amy fruits. But she like apples.

A. likes don`t B. like doesn`t C. likes doesn`t ( )4. Our classroom two windows. A: has B: have C: is ( )5. He TV every day.

A: watch B: watches C: is

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( )6. Amy often English in the morning.

A: read B: reads C: reades

( )7. How many days in a week ?

A: is there B: are there C: there are

( )8. Zhang Peng math and Chinese on Mondays

A . have B. doesn`t has C. doesn`t have ( ) 9. Mr Carter from Canada. A. comes B. are C. come 三、用所给的词的正确形式填空。

1.I often (go) to school on foot.

2.Chen Jie often (go) to school on foot. 3.Miss Li (be) an active Chinese teacher. 4.My mother (teach) English. 5.What (do) your mother do? 6.There (be) a pen on the desk.

7.Sarah often (do) her homework in the evening. 8. you (have) supper at home every day? 9. Mike often (do) homework in the evening. 10. Does Amy (like) pork? 四、就画线部分划线提问。

1. There are fifty books on the desk. books on the desk? 2. He always plays football after school? he always after school? 五、按照要求改写句子。

1. Amy watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________ 2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________

3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答) ___________________________ 4. Sarah likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ___________________________________________________ 5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)

_______________________________________________________ 6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

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7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问)

________________________________________________________ 8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)

___________________________________________________ 9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________ 10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

一般现在时练习二

一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数

talk______ forget______ hope______ stop______ play ______say______

buy______worry______fly______study_______like_______make______take______ love_______ come_______ drive_______ leave_____wake_______ write_______ hike______give______see______swim______stop______shop_______ plan______get_______sit_______let_______

cut_______run_______forget_______begin_______wash_____watch_______ finish______ teach _____fish _______ reach _______ go _______do_____

二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。 1. He often ________(have) dinner at home. 2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One. 3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday. 4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday. 5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup?

6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?

7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day? 8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays.

9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening. 10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle. 11. Mike _______(like) cooking.

12. They _______(have) the same hobby.

13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully. 14. You always _______(do) your homework well. 15. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed.

16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday.

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17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE.

18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening.

19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term. 20. -What day _______(be) it today? - It’s Saturday. 21 We often ___________ (play) in the playground. 22. He _________ (get) up at six o'clock.

23. ________ you __________ (brush) your teeth every morning? 24. What ________(do) he usually ________ (do) after school?

25. Danny ____________ (study) English, Chinese, math, science and art at school. 26. Mike sometimes __________ (go) to the park with his sister.

27. At eight at night, she ____________ (watch) TV with her parents. 28. ________ Mike _________ (read) English every day?

29. How many lessons _________ your classmate _________ (have) on Monday? 30.What time _________ his mother _________ (do) the housework?

三、按照要求改写句子

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)_________________________ 2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,并作否定回答) ________________________________________________________ 3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,并作肯定回答) ___________________________

4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,并作否定回答) ___________________________________________________

5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)____________________________ 6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)________________________ 7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问)__________________________ 8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)____________________________ 9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________ 10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句)

11. Do you often play football after school? (肯定回答) _______________ 12. I have many books. (改为否定句)_________________________

13. Gao Shan's sister likes playing table tennis.(改为否定句)_________________ 14. She lives in a small town near New York. (改为一般疑问句)_________________ 15. I watch TV every day. (改为一般疑问句)___________________________

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