新视野大学英语2级读写quiz 1(含答案) - 下载本文

all the words in clusters of up to three or four words at a glance. With enough practice, you'll be able to handle more reading at school or work – and at home – in less time. You should even have enough time to read your favorite comic books.

46. What did the writer realize later regarding his slowed-down eyeballs?

A. His brother had more comic books than him.

B. He couldn't read as fast as his brother.

C. He couldn't finish reading all the comic books.

D. He had too much to read but too little time to do it.

47. Why is previewing especially useful for a heavy reading?

A. You can read various kinds of books such as magazines.

B. You can see the whole picture of a long reading in less time.

C. You can understand the content completely within a short time.

D. You can comprehend at least 50% of what you're reading.

48. What is the use of the technique of skimming when you are doing

light reading?

A. It enables you to read some entertaining books.

B. It enables you to think like magnets.

C. It helps you pick up key words.

D. It helps you get the information you want.

49. What's the most important advantage when you do clustering?

A. It helps you read faster and understand better.

B. It lets you read in a totally different way.

C. It allows your eyes to pick up three to four words at a time.

D. It trains your eyes to see all the words in the reading.

50. Which statement best expresses the main idea of this passage?

A. Moving your eyes fast gives you a general idea.

B. It is necessary to choose different methods for different readings.

C. Different reading skills should be used at the same time.

D. You may read faster by using reading techniques.

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.

Before computers were invented, the words byte and modem did not exist, and a mouse was something that made some people scream and run away. Words are added to language every day. Changes in society also cause changes in language.

Changes in attitude also affect language. As people become more sensitive to the rights and needs of individual, it becomes necessary to change the words we use to describe them. The elderly are now called senior citizens. The handicapped are described as physically challenged. Many of the words we once used had negative feelings attached to them. New words show an awareness in today's society that differences are good and that everyone deserves respect. Even the names of certain jobs have changed so that workers can be proud of what they do. The trash man is now called a sanitation worker and a doorman is an attendant. One important influence on our language in the past decade has been the changing role of women in modern society. As women entered more and more areas that were once thought of as men's job, it became necessary to change the job titles. For example, a mailman is now a mail carrier, a watchman is a guard.

Sometimes new words may seem awkward and silly, such as chair for chairman, fisher for fisherman, and drafter for draftsman. But change is never easy. People often fight change until it becomes a familiar part of everyday life.

Women have fought long and hard to be treated equally in language as well as in society, because they know that changes in language can cause changes in attitudes. If every person isn't referred to as he, people will

begin to realize that men aren't the only ones who are important or who have made great achievements. Most words that indicate only one gender have been replaced with words that refer to both males and females. Thus, a poetess is called a poet, a waitress is a server, and mankind has become humankind.

51. Words are added to language ________.

A. when new things are invented

B. when society changes

C. when old words disappear

D. all the time

52. Words are changed because ________.

A. it is part of everyday life.

B. the handicapped should be proud of themselves.

C. many old words cause negative feelings.

D. some words look silly and awkward.

53. A doorman is now called ________.

A. attendant

B. watchman

C. trash man

D. server

54. Which of the following is one important influence on our language in

the past decade according to the passage? A. The changing attitude toward the elderly.

B. The changing job market.

C. The changing role of women.

D. The changing social opinions.

55. Which of the following best summarizes the passage?

A. Language is always added with new vocabulary.

B. Language changes with the changing of society.

C. Changing language reflects the achievements of people.

D. Changing language gives people more individual rights.

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage. People use more than just words to communicate. In fact, some

researchers claim that less than half of a spoken message's real meaning is in the words used in the message. They say that most of a message's meaning comes from understanding how the speaker uses things like tone of voice and body language.

Body language includes such things as the expression on the speaker's face, gestures that speaker makes with his or her hands, and the position of the speaker's body. Just as there are many different languages spoken around the world, there are many different ways for people to use body language, too. For example, gestures may imply different meanings in different cultures. Making a \However, in Arab cultures, this gesture is extremely offensive.

Although many gestures can be interpreted differently by different cultures, there are also many gestures that are almost universally interpreted in the same way. For example, by and large, a smile is understood as a sign of friendship or good will around the world. Also, using an open hand to gesture toward something is viewed as polite or friendly in most cultures. There are also some forms of body language that can be universally read with the meaning, \kind of body language is used unconsciously between two people. These signs of interest include standing or sitting with both feet flat on the ground, mirroring or using the same gestures as the other person, and turning one's body to fully face the other person.

Body language experts point out one important thing. The person's culture

is only one factor that can influence his or her use of body language. The time and place where the body language is being used can have a lot to do with a person's body language. If the person has had a bad day or if a meeting takes place in a crowded place, the body language a person uses may be very different from under other circumstances.

56. According to the passage, more than half of a spoken message's real

meaning comes from ________. A. words used in the message

B. things used in the message

C. the speaker's tone of voice

D. the speaker's tone and body language

57. The second paragraph describes ________.

A. an example of a gesture not used in India

B. different meanings of gestures in different cultures

C. how gestures can change the meaning of words

D. useful gestures in Arab cultures

58. If a person starts copying your body language, what does this

suggest?

A. He/She is interested in you.

B. He/She isn't interested in you.

C. He/She doesn't agree with you.

D. He/She agrees with you.

59. People may use different body languages ________.

A. only in different places

B. only at different time