Perceiving goes on in our (2) mind. Of the three people who look out of the window, one may say that he sees a (3) policemen giving a motorist a ticket. Another may say that he sees a rush-hour traffic (4) jam at the intersection. The (5) third may tell you that he sees a woman trying to (6) cross the street with four children in tow. For perception is the mind’s interpretation of (7) what the senses — in this case our eyes — tell us. Many psychologists today are working to try to determine just (8) how a person experiences or perceives the world around him. Using a scientific approach, these psychologists set up (9) experiments in which they can control all of the factors. By measuring and charting the (10) results of many experiments, they are trying to find out what makes different people perceive totally different things about the same scene.
1) different: Here you can use an adjective to mean ―being not like each other in one or more ways‖.
2) mind: Here you can use a word referring to the thinking ability. 3) policemen: Who can give a motorist a ticket? 4) jam: What do you always see in the rush hour? 5) third: This refers to the last person of the three.
6）cross: What is the word you can use when you want to express ―go to the other side of the stress‖?
7) what: Here you need a conjunction to refer to a situation that is unknown or has not been specified.
8) how: Here you need a conjunction to ask about the way in which something happens or is done.
9) experiments: What do psychologists do when they want to find out something? 10) results: Here you can use a word meaning ―outcome‖. Page 136
1. If you give a man a fish, you feed him for a day; if you teach him how to catch fish, you feed him for a lifetime.
2.We can lose a pint of blood without feeling anything, but if we lose a great deal of blood, we feel weak and cold.
3.Don’t pretend to know what you don’t and don’t pretend not to know what you really know. 4.If you want someone on your side, if you want to persuade someone to see your point of view, one of the best ways is to approach him with sincere kindness and caring. 5.Successful people are on a permanent vacation, not because they don’t work hard but because they love what they do.
6.Don’t keep things which do not belong to you; don’t love the person who does not care about you.
7.Helen took dance classes, but she had no natural grace or sense of rhythm, so eventually gave up the idea of becoming a dancer.
8. When bears emerge from hibernation in the spring, they wander through wetlands and feed mainly on grasses.
9. Exhausted, I stared at the page, unable to comprehend a single word. 10. The five-year-old boy asked his father a question about death. Page 137
B. Listen to the passage. Give brief information of the interesting/worrying trips they have.
1. The trip to visit their daughter:
Route: California (starting point) – Phoenix (for lunch and oxygen) – St. Louis (spend
the night) – Lexington (for lunch) – Princeton (visit daughter) 2. The first trip to their house in Arkansas: Landing spot: Between a lake and a mountain Problem: The windsock was worn out. 3. A trip back home:
Problem: They got caught up in snow.
Solution: They called on Edwards Airforce Base for help. 4. A trip to Seattle:
Problem: The landing gear light lit up to indicate that it had failed to work. When: A Sunday night
C. Listen again. Answer the following questions.
1. Why did they get him lessons to learn how to fly? As a present for Father’s Day.
2. Why did they stop on the journey across the United States? The plane didn’t need to stop, but they needed a break.
3. What does she mean when she says ―But Arkansas is interesting that way‖? She is suggesting that things don’t always work properly, or as you expect. 4. What was she worried about in the snowstorm near San Bernardino?
She was worried about the possibility of hitting the mountains, as the visibility was poor.
5. How did she feel about the danger?
She was not too worried about it, and she seemed to accept it as normal.
Flying Your Own Plane
My husband always wanted to fly a plane. So once for Father’s Day my two daughters and I ... made an arrangement for lessons with a local teacher ... flying teacher. And I told them, ―Now I can always get a new husband, but you can’t get a new father.‖ And so they said, ―Well, maybe we’d better not give him those lessons,‖ but we did and he learned to fly and he bought his own plane. Well it was a twin-engine plane. And it would go ... it could go as say three thousand miles at a shot, and without having to stop for gas. But then people can’t go that long, so we would fly just so far, like from California to Phoenix for instance and have lunch and get oxygen in the plane and then fly on to maybe St. Louis and spend the night. And the next day, stop at Lexington maybe for lunch. And then that night we would be in Princeton to visit our daughter. So it was always great travelling across country in that plane.
We had a house in Arkansas and we would fly there occasionally to check on it. And that was always very interesting landing there. The first time we tried it, the landing strip was between a lake and a mountain and the windsock was all worn out so we couldn’t see what way the wind was blowing except by looking at the waves on the lake. So that was
entertaining trying to land in that little dangerous spot. But Arkansas is interesting that way. And of course sometimes it could be quite worrying. I know on one trip back home we came into a storm. That was at San Bernardino and somehow we got caught up in snow. We were trapped and we didn’t know how to get out of there because we had the mountains between us and home. And we had to call on Edwards Airforce Base to get us over the mountains.
Little things like that made it entertaining. And then once on a trip to Seattle, the landing gear light came on saying that it wasn’t working. And that way you don’t know if the wheels are down really because you can’t see under there. And we were coming home and it was a Sunday night and no one was at the airport so we couldn’t fly by the tower to let someone see if the wheels were down. So we really had a kind of chance to land it. So we didn’t know if we were going to land on wheels or on the bottom of the airplane.
So there were interesting moments like that. How did my husband put it? ―You spend thousands and thousands of hours with just boring ordinary flying, punctuated by moments of sheer terror.‖ But we always made it. Sometimes I thought we weren’t going to, but it was fun.