Part III Reading Comprehension - 下载本文

解析:文章分别在两个段落中明确提到作者在学校很少惩罚学生的原因。第一段开头部分提到,可以想象:在一个很少用惩罚性方法的学校工作,学生们都以成功为目的,而且通过参加运动和有创造性的活动来丰富生活(...students are motivated to succeed and lead well-rounded lives by participating in sporting and creative activities);文章第三段中提到我在校规方面花很少时间是因为在泰国,教育是一种受尊重的职业,因此全社会都对教师非常好(The reason I spend less time on discipline is because teaching is a respected profession in Thailand and therefore teachers are treated very well by the whole community),由此可以分析出,正是学生的自觉性和教师受到尊重这两个原因,所以选C。

57. Which of the following is NOT \A) B) C) D)

Consuming much time on discipline.

Learning from the author's colleagues. √ Trying in vain to motivate the students. Losing the passion for teaching.

答案:B

解析:文章第二段中提到在那儿的时光我很高兴,而且从同事们那里也学到了很多东西,不过也有我不喜欢的方面(While I enjoyed my time there and learned a lot from my colleagues, there were...),由此可以看出,作者“不喜欢的方面”并不包括从同事们那里学到很多东西。所以选C。

58. The following are the author's benefits of working in Thailand EXCEPT ________.

A) B) C) D) concentrating on what to do developing professionally earning more money

feeling secured working in Thailand √

答案:D

解析:文章分别在三个段落中提到在泰国工作的好处。其中第一段提到学校的管理事务中涉及到了职业的发展(...and your professional development is of concern to the school's administration);第四段中提到“现在我可以集中精力来教学”(Now I can concentrate on teaching and...);第五段中提到另外一个好处就是薪水也比作者在英国时的多(An additional benefit is that the salary is better than I was getting in the United Kingdom as well),由此可以分析出,在泰国作教师的好处就在于以上三个方面,不包括选项D,所以选D。

59. According to the passage, what's the author's attitude towards teaching overseas?

A) It's much better to teach in Thailand than any other overseas countries.

B) If one needs to regain passion for teaching, then it's recommended. √ C) There is no clue about the author's attitude towards this matter.

D) It's a recommended way to open one's eyes and deliver knowledge. 答案:B

解析:文章第五段开头部分提到,如果你感觉不到那种最初促使你成为一名教师的对教育的热忱的话,或许你应该去国外(If you are not feeling the passion for education that originally inspired you to become a teacher, perhaps

you should be looking at moving overseas),由此可以看出,作者认为如果一个人想要重获对教育的热忱,可以去国外作教师,所以选C。

60. What can be inferred from this passage?

A) The author usually had more classes in the United Kingdom.

B) The author thinks keeping students motivated to learn brings more benefits to them. √

C) The author also regards British students as motivated ones.

D) The author doesn't like the United Kingdom at all. 答案:B

解析:考生回答此问题需要从整体上理解文章。文章第一段中提到一所很少使用惩罚性校规的学校,学生们都以成功为目的,而且通过参加运动和有创造性的活动来丰富生活;文章第四段中提到我现在可以集中精力教学,为学生们面向更广阔的世界打开视野,因为学生们也被激发出学习的动力,由此可以看出,作者认为激发出学生们的学习动力对他们更有好处,所以选D。 试题解析:

文章讲述了亚洲人口老龄化的现象。在未来的50年里,亚洲人口老龄化的现象会继续加剧,仅南亚和东亚就占有世界老龄人口数量的一半,这些皆可归因于医疗和公共卫生事业的大力发展。但是,亚洲人民的生活质量还有待提高。而相比较而言,西方国家各方面的发展则比较均衡,因此,亚洲国家需要制定新的策略来发展和完善与人口相适应的各项服务。

Asia's population is growing old. All across Asia, the number of people aged 65 and above is expected to grow dramatically over the next 50

years. For the region as a whole, the population in this age group will increase by 314%—from 207 million in 2000 to 857 million in 2050. Surveys commissioned by the United Nations also indicate that by the early half of the 21st century, South and East Asia will have almost half the world's elderly people.

The aging of Asia is essentially a story of success. But advances in medicine and public health over the past two decades have far

outstripped (超过) the progress on other fronts. If Asia continues moving down the path of Western-style industrial development with its urban expansion, radical policy adjustments will be essential to maintain a sense of balance.

What has long been one of the society's primary goals—long life for its people—is rapidly becoming one of its major problems. Having learned to postpone death, the region must now address itself to the quality of life of the survivors. A series of recent studies reflect the view that Asia is \

Some Western societies had smaller populations, which grew during the industrial revolution, concurrent (一致的) with advances in health, education and welfare, which to a great extent eased the problems posed by the growing numbers and increasing age of the population. But some Asian nations have had to search for strategies to improve these same services. The result has been a separated, \部门的)

approach which has focused on medicine and public health while leaving education, housing, consumer goods production, income distribution and institutional modernization aside. However, balanced improvements in all these areas are essential if some guarantee of a decent existence is to be provided to the growing people now considered fortunate to be able to reflect on their youth.

61. There are more old people in Asia today because ________. A) its medicine and public health have been improved √

B) its industrialization has been sped up C) Asia is an old continent

D) there has been Western-style industrial development 答案:A

解析:文章第三段开头部分提到亚洲的老龄化本质上是一种成功,但是在过去的二十多年中,医药和公共卫生的进步远远超过了其他方面的进步(The aging of Asia is essentially a story of success. But advances in medicine and public health over the past two decades have far outstripped the progress on other fronts),由此可以推断出,亚洲老龄化主要应该归因于医药和公共卫生条件的改善,所以选C。

62. In the author's view, Asia now needs to ________. A) B) C) D)

improve the general standards of living √ increase its rate of urbanization stop people from getting so old change attitudes towards old age